Category Archives: Blog (articles)

In the blog about the vio­lin you can find use­ful advice relat­ed to vio­lin.

Switching from violin to viola

violin to violaLearn­ing to play vio­lin or vio­la can be very reward­ing. Once you learn to play one it is actu­al­ly sim­ple to become pro­fi­cient on the oth­er instru­ment as well. There are just a few minor dif­fer­ences one should know when switch­ing from vio­lin to vio­la.

The vio­la is just a bit larg­er than the vio­lin; the notes are a lit­tle far­ther apart on the fin­ger­board, so one has to stretch the hand a tad more. How­ev­er, the fin­ger pat­tern and posi­tions are the same. The bow is slight­ly heav­ier for the vio­la but you still use the same bow hold.

Per­haps the biggest obsta­cle one might face when switch­ing from vio­lin to vio­la is chang­ing the clef. Most peo­ple have some famil­iar­i­ty with the tre­ble (or G) clef, which the vio­lin uses, while the vio­la uses the alto (or C) clef. Some peo­ple claim the alto clef is hard to read; actu­al­ly it is no more dif­fi­cult to read then the G clef. Like any­thing in music, you have to prac­tice to mas­ter it.

I high­ly rec­om­mend that what­ev­er instru­ment you decide to play you learn aspects of the oth­er and become a “switch hit­ter”. The big ben­e­fit is you will always be in demand, espe­cial­ly on the vio­la. Orches­tras and cham­ber ensem­bles always need vio­la play­ers, while find­ing a gig as a vio­lin­ist may be dif­fi­cult from time to time, as there always seems to be a glut of vio­lin play­ers, so if you can play both you will always have a place to play.

Both instru­ments have a rich reper­toire. While there is less vio­la music if you like to play Baroque and Clas­si­cal Peri­od works, the com­posers of the Roman­tic peri­od, such as Berlioz, Dvo­rak, Brahms, Wag­n­er, Mahler, and Richard Strauss wrote won­der­ful parts for the vio­la. Dur­ing the 20th Cen­tu­ry up to the present such com­posers such as Hin­demith, Elgar, Wal­ton, Bar­tok and Pen­derec­ki wrote many beau­ti­ful works for the vio­la. One of the great­est musi­cians today, Pin­chas Zuk­er­man, switch­es back and forth from both instru­ments on a reg­u­lar basis. What­ev­er instru­ment you pick to learn, you will gain years of enjoy­ment, but if you learn both you will more than dou­ble your plea­sure.

8 Things Top Practicers Do Differently

violin-practice-Limassol8 Things Top Practicers Do Differently

by Noa Kageya­ma, Ph.D.

We’ve all heard the phrase “practice smarter, not harder,” but what does that really mean? What does “smarter” practice actually look like? A study of collegiate piano majors suggests that the key lies in how we handle mistakes.

As my kids were (begrudg­ing­ly) prac­tic­ing their Tae Kwon Do pat­terns not long ago, I caught myself telling my old­est that he had to do his pat­tern five times before return­ing to his video game.

My goal, of course, was not for him to sim­ply plod through the motions of his pat­tern five times like a pouty zom­bie, but to do it once with good form and com­mit­ment. But the par­ent in me finds it very reas­sur­ing to know that a cer­tain num­ber of rep­e­ti­tions has gone into some­thing. Beyond the (erro­neous) assump­tion that this will some­how automag­i­cal­ly solid­i­fy his skills, it feels like a path to greater dis­ci­pline, and a way to instill with­in my kids some sort of work eth­ic that will serve them well in the future.

It’s true that some degree of time and rep­e­ti­tion is nec­es­sary to devel­op and hone our skills, of course. But we also know on some intu­itive lev­el that to max­i­mize gains, we ought to prac­tice “smarter, not hard­er.”

But what does that real­ly mean any­way? What exact­ly do top prac­ticers do dif­fer­ent­ly?

Pianists learn­ing Shostakovich
A group of researchers led by Robert Duke of The Uni­ver­si­ty of Texas at Austin con­duct­ed a study sev­er­al years ago to see if they could tease out the spe­cif­ic prac­tice behav­iors that dis­tin­guish the best play­ers and most effec­tive learn­ers.

Sev­en­teen piano and piano ped­a­gogy majors agreed to learn a 3‑measure pas­sage from Shostakovich’s Piano Con­cer­to No. 1. The pas­sage had some tricky ele­ments, mak­ing it too dif­fi­cult to sight read well, but not so chal­leng­ing that it couldn’t be learned in a sin­gle prac­tice ses­sion.

The set­up
The stu­dents were giv­en two min­utes to warm up, and then pro­vid­ed with the 3‑measure excerpt, a metronome, and a pen­cil.

Par­tic­i­pants were allowed to prac­tice as long as they want­ed, and were free to leave when­ev­er they felt they were fin­ished. Prac­tice time var­ied quite a bit, rang­ing from 8 1/2 min­utes to just under 57 min­utes.

To ensure that the next day’s test would be fair, they were specif­i­cal­ly told that they may NOT prac­tice this pas­sage, even from mem­o­ry, in the next 24 hours.

24 hours lat­er…
When par­tic­i­pants returned the fol­low­ing day for their test, they were giv­en 2 min­utes to warm up, and then asked to per­form the com­plete 3‑measure pas­sage in its entire­ty, 15 times with­out stop­ping (but with paus­es between attempts, of course).

Each of the pianists’ per­for­mances were then eval­u­at­ed on two lev­els. Get­ting the right notes with the right rhythm was the pri­ma­ry cri­te­ria, but the researchers also ranked each of the pianists’ per­for­mances from best to worst, based on tone, char­ac­ter, and expres­sive­ness.

That led to a few inter­est­ing find­ings:

Prac­tic­ing longer didn’t lead to high­er rank­ings.
Get­ting in more rep­e­ti­tions had no impact on their rank­ing either.
The num­ber of times they played it cor­rect­ly in prac­tice also had no bear­ing on their rank­ing. (wait, what?!)
What did mat­ter was:

How many times they played it incor­rect­ly. The more times they played it incor­rect­ly, the worse their rank­ing tend­ed to be.
The per­cent­age of cor­rect prac­tice tri­als did seem to mat­ter. The greater the pro­por­tion of cor­rect tri­als in their prac­tice ses­sion, the high­er their rank­ing tend­ed to be.
The top 8 strate­gies
Three pianists’ per­for­mances stood out from the rest, and were described as hav­ing “more con­sis­tent­ly even tone, greater rhyth­mic pre­ci­sion, greater musi­cal char­ac­ter (pur­pose­ful dynam­ic and rhyth­mic inflec­tion), and a more flu­id exe­cu­tion.”

Upon tak­ing a clos­er look at the prac­tice ses­sion videos, the researchers iden­ti­fied 8 dis­tinct prac­tice strate­gies that were com­mon to the top pianists, but occurred less fre­quent­ly in the prac­tice ses­sions of the oth­ers:

1. Play­ing was hands-togeth­er ear­ly in prac­tice.

2. Prac­tice was with inflec­tion ear­ly on; the ini­tial con­cep­tu­al­iza­tion of the music was with inflec­tion.

3. Prac­tice was thought­ful, as evi­denced by silent paus­es while look­ing at the music, singing/humming, mak­ing notes on the page, or express­ing ver­bal “ah-ha”s.

4. Errors were pre­empt­ed by stop­ping in antic­i­pa­tion of mis­takes.

5. Errors were addressed imme­di­ate­ly when they appeared.

6. The pre­cise loca­tion and source of each error was iden­ti­fied accu­rate­ly, rehearsed, and cor­rect­ed.

7. Tem­po of indi­vid­ual per­for­mance tri­als was var­ied sys­tem­at­i­cal­ly; log­i­cal­ly under­stand­able changes in tem­po occurred between tri­als (e.g. slowed things down to get tricky sec­tions cor­rect).

8. Tar­get pas­sages were repeat­ed until the error was cor­rect­ed and the pas­sage was sta­bi­lized, as evi­denced by the error’s absence in sub­se­quent tri­als.
The top 3 strate­gies
Of the eight strate­gies above, there were three that were used by all three top pianists, but rarely uti­lized by the oth­ers. In fact, only two oth­er pianists (ranked #4 and #6) used more than one:

6. The pre­cise loca­tion and source of each error was iden­ti­fied accu­rate­ly, rehearsed, and cor­rect­ed.

7. Tem­po of indi­vid­ual per­for­mance tri­als was var­ied sys­tem­at­i­cal­ly; log­i­cal­ly under­stand­able changes in tem­po occurred between tri­als (e.g. slowed things down to get tricky sec­tions cor­rect; or speed­ed things up to test them­selves, but not too much).

8. Tar­get pas­sages were repeat­ed until the error was cor­rect­ed and the pas­sage was sta­bi­lized, as evi­denced by the error’s absence in sub­se­quent tri­als.
What’s the com­mon thread that ties these togeth­er?

The researchers note that the most strik­ing dif­fer­ence between the top three pianists and the rest, was how they han­dled mis­takes. It’s not that the top pianists made few­er mis­takes in the begin­ning and sim­ply had an eas­i­er time learn­ing the pas­sage.

The top pianists made mis­takes too, but they man­aged to cor­rect their errors in such a way that helped them avoid mak­ing the same mis­takes over and over, lead­ing to a high­er pro­por­tion of cor­rect tri­als over­all.

And one to rule them all
The top per­form­ers uti­lized a vari­ety of error-cor­rec­tion meth­ods, such as play­ing with one hand alone, or play­ing just part of the excerpt, but there was one strat­e­gy that seemed to be the most impact­ful.

Strate­gi­cal­ly slow­ing things down.

After mak­ing a mis­take, the top per­form­ers would play the pas­sage again, but slow down or hes­i­tate – with­out stop­ping – right before the place where they made a mis­take the pre­vi­ous time.

This seemed to allow them to play the chal­leng­ing sec­tion more accu­rate­ly, and pre­sum­ably coor­di­nate the cor­rect motor move­ments at a tem­po they could han­dle, rather than con­tin­u­ing to make mis­takes and fail­ing to iden­ti­fy the pre­cise nature of the mis­take, the under­ly­ing tech­ni­cal prob­lem, and what they ought to do dif­fer­ent­ly in the next tri­al.

The one-sen­tence sum­ma­ry
“Suc­cess does not con­sist in nev­er mak­ing mis­takes but in nev­er mak­ing the same one a sec­ond time.” ‑George Bernard Shaw

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Few words of the world wide music school — El Systema in Venezuela

Ο Χοσέ Αντόνιο Αμπρέου είναι ο χαρισματικός ιδρυτής του συστήματος νεανικών ορχηστρών που έχει αλλάξει ριζικά την ζωή χιλιάδων παιδιών στη Βενεζουέλα. Εδώ μοιράζεται μαζί μας την θαυμάσια ιστορία του και αποκαλύπτει την επιθυμία του για το βραβείου TED που θα μπορούσε να έχει μεγάλο αντίκτυπο στις ΗΠΑ και πέρα απ’ αυτές.

Right hand exercises for violin

Right Hand exercises by Yehudi Menuhin

How to get a better sound…Right hand exercises for violin

In this post I would like to sug­gest a very use­ful tuto­r­i­al about right hand ( bow) and left hand made by the leg­endary vio­lin­ist Yehu­di Menuhin. In this tuto­r­i­al you can learn about  the very fun­da­men­tal  prin­ci­ples of vio­lin tech­nique  in explained in detail by the this great mas­ter. If you pay the required atten­tion on these right hand exer­cis­es for vio­lin you will have very soon a love­ly sound which is essen­tial part of vio­lin play­ing

The prodigy Yehudi
The prodi­gy Yehu­di

Yehu­di Menuhin was born in New York of Russ­ian-Jew­ish par­ents. He made his vio­lin debut at the age of sev­en with the San Fran­cis­co Sym­pho­ny in Lalo’s Sym­phonie Espag­nole, and a recital in New York fol­lowed a year lat­er. By the time he was eleven he had made his his­toric debuts in Paris and Carnegie Hall. At twelve he played in Berlin and at thir­teen in Lon­don, launch­ing him­self at an ear­ly age on a life­long career that was to take him all over the world, play­ing with lead­ing con­duc­tors and orches­tras. In addi­tion to his fame as an excep­tion­al musi­cian he has been equal­ly recog­nised as a com­mit­ted human­i­tar­i­an.


Violin Shoulder Rests. How to find the best possible for you?

violin viola shoulder rest. Limassol music lessons
A sam­ple of how a shoul­der rest look like

What is it actually?

Shoul­der rests are  designed to com­fort the vio­lin hold­ing and play­ing. Its a par­tic­u­lar equip­ment placed under the vio­lin in order to ele­vate the vio­lin to the lev­el of the chin,  reduc­ing this way the gab between the chin rest and the jaw.That facil­i­tates the the head (by rest­ing on chin-rest) to take a role in hold­ing the vio­lin in straight posi­tion and releas­es the left hand. Shoul­der rest are par­tic­u­lar­ly use­ful for tech­niques like vibra­to or posi­tion chang­ing. They are not  how­ev­er a must. The use of shoul­der rests will depend on the phys­i­ol­o­gy of the body of the vio­lin­ist his tech­ni­cal habits and abil­i­ties and sound expec­ta­tions.





Strategies for the best shoulder rest adjustment.

The way each vio­lin­ist holds the vio­lin should be very indi­vid­ual and in accor­dance to his body phys­i­ol­o­gy. The shoul­der rest (if used) should facil­i­tate the pos­ture. There are many dif­fer­ent options out there, and it is very impor­tant to find the com­bi­na­tion of shoul­der rest and chin­rest that is most suit­ed to your body in order to main­tain the appro­pri­ate pos­ture for you.

Here are some brief, gen­er­al­ly agreed upon guide­lines for pos­ture. First, think of sit­ting or stand­ing tall. This nat­ur­al stance should be main­tained when you hold the vio­lin. The end of the vio­lin should rest on the col­lar­bone, and the scroll should be lev­el with the body of the instru­ment. Keep the head in a neu­tral posi­tion, turned slight­ly to the left. The head should not tilt or strain to reach the vio­lin. The jaw sim­ply rests on the chin­rest. There should be no ten­sion involved in hold­ing the vio­lin between the col­lar­bone and jaw­bone, sole­ly the weight of the head. A prop­er shoul­der rest will make this pos­si­ble.


Pads and sponges

violin pad sponges, music lessons limassol
Cus­tom-made vio­lin pads and sponges

For young chil­dren hold­ing vio­lins of small­er size  I usu­al­ly sug­gest home­made vio­lin pads (see the pic­ture on the right

You can also get sponges and have almost the same result as the vio­lin pads.

Alter­na­tive­ly for small­er you can buy shoul­der Rests that feed the size of the vio­lin and the length of the child’s neck. I usu­al­ly sug­gest the cheap­er choic­es where you can exper­i­ment a bit with minor  eco­nom­ic con­se­quences. (Note : I usu­al­ly dis­cour­age par­ents from  buy­ing the wolf shoul­der rests as they nev­er adjust prop­er­ly to the mea­sure­ments of the vio­lin and the child).

Shoulder Rests

More rigid shoul­der rests that clamp onto the under­side of the vio­lin are usu­al­ly good for any­one with an aver­age to long length neck. They come in all heights and many are adjustable. Some of the more com­mon shoul­der rests are the Kun, Mach One, and Wolf. Oth­ers include Bon Musi­ca, Ever­est, Com­ford, Res­o­nans, and Viva la Musi­ca.
Anoth­er option is to play with­out a shoul­der rest or sponge. This is most com­mon among peo­ple with short­er necks. Some peo­ple use a cloth over the end of the instru­ment. Most impor­tant­ly, the vio­lin needs to feel com­fort­able and sta­ble where it sits.


Where to get them from?

Very often the shoul­der rests are includ­ed in the pack­age of a new vio­lin. Oth­er­wise wise  you can find some mod­els in almost all local shops vio­lin mak­ers (there you can also make a cus­tomized one). You can buy them also online in music stores like

Violin Rosin

Violin Rosin, violin bow, violin lessons
Light Vio­lin Rosin

Buying a Violin Rosin

Vio­lin Rosin is one of the essen­tial items to use in order to pro­duce sound with the bow. When you buy a new bow and try to play with it you will soon real­ize that the hair of the bow is slight­ing on the strings with­out yet pro­duc­ing (if any at all) the expect­ed sound. The rea­son is that the bow has no rosin applied on it. So the main func­tion on rosin is to make the bow-hair stick bet­ter on the strings.

Vio­lin rosin is a hard­ened tree sap that you apply to your vio­lin bow before every oth­er prac­tice in order to give it the nec­es­sary grip when draw­ing the bow across the strings on your vio­lin. With­out it, the bow sim­ply slides across the string with­out grab­bing it, pro­duc­ing very lit­tle sound.

You can find rosins in var­i­ous col­ors and shapes. Vio­lin­ists are using dark­er or lighter rosins depend­ing on the environmental/climate con­di­tions and their per­son­al pref­er­ences. Gen­er­al­ly speak­ing lighter rosin help to cre­ate a smoother and soft­er sound while the dark rosins (hard­er and stick­i­er) tend to make the sound big­ger and sharp).

Some things to consider before buying a rosin

Climate conditions

In gen­er­al humid­i­ty makes the rosin stick­i­er than usu­al so it is prefer­able to use lighter rosins to smoother your sound and the oppo­site for dry cli­mates. Extreme­ly humid con­di­tions how­ev­er (like hav­ing to play in open air next to the see in Cyprus for exam­ple:) ) may wash out the rosin from the bow. In that case it is rec­om­mend­ed to use reg­u­lar­ly the dark rosin

Dust tolerance

Over time as you play, rosin dust accu­mu­lates on your vio­lin that you will peri­od­i­cal­ly need to wipe away with a soft cloth (there are spe­cial vio­lin pol­ish­ing cloths you can get specif­i­cal­ly for this purpose).Darker vio­lin rosin tends to pro­duce more dust (i.e. you must clean your vio­lin more fre­quent­ly) than light rosins, while light rosins can take more time to wipe away when clean­ing your vio­lin.  The dif­fer­ence is sub­tle, but if you are sen­si­tive to dust you may want to select a lighter rosin to cut down on the amount of dust in the air.In gen­er­al good qual­i­ty rosins pro­duce less dust than oth­ers.


For peo­ple that aller­gic to vio­lin rosin there are some spe­cial hypoal­ler­gic rosins  that reduce the dis­com­fort that the dust of the rosin caus­es.

Packaging (shape)

Rosins are com­ing in dif­fer­ent pack­age — shapes. Always note you need to con­sid­er this fac­tor with care as the shape of the rosin will affect the way you will apply the rosin on the bow, the extent you will make use of it and the endurance. Chil­dren (begin­ner vio­lin­ists) are usu­al­ly giv­en rosins with a square or rec­tan­gle shape with the sides being pro­tect­ed with wood and plas­tic. The rea­son is to facil­i­tate the use of it (as the chil­dren are not yet coor­di­nat­ed enough to keep the bow on the rosin while pulling it along the bow)  and to pro­tect it as rosin is extreme­ly frag­ile. How­ev­er, unless you have coor­di­na­tion issues, I strong­ly rec­om­mend against this type of pack­ag­ing, opt­ing instead for a round or square shape.

The round rosins are in gen­er­al eas­i­er in use more eco­nom­i­cal as you can make use of all the avail­able rosin by turn­ing in cycli­cal motion while apply­ing it on the bow.

Fur­ther­more, I rec­om­mend get­ting rosin in robust pack­ag­ing that can with­stand shocks of trav­el­ing in your vio­lin case, as it will be less like­ly to frac­ture pre­ma­ture­ly, and will there­fore last longer.

Here you can find a big vari­ety of rosins.


Buying a violin/viola bow

Buying a violin bow


violin viola bow. the essential parts
The vio­lin bow and the impor­tant parts

If you are a begin­ner i would rec­om­mend to buy a vio­lin from a local shop or online. The bow, the vio­lin-case and rosin are usu­al­ly includ­ed in the pack­age. How­ev­er there are cas­es in which you might have to buy the bow sep­a­rate­ly, espe­cial­ly if you are look­ing to buy some­thing more advanced. In that case you should vis­it sev­er­al local music shops (in case of Cyprus most prefer­ably Vio­lin ‑mak­ers) where you can try out sev­er­al bows. In this arti­cle I would like to sug­gest some tips about what to con­sid­er buy choos­ing a vio­lin bow. Keep in mind that you will have to spent some time play­ing and try­ing out sev­er­al bow tech­niques ( if you are famil­iar with stac­ca­to, spic­ca­to, Sautille, ric­o­chet etc.) in order to find the right bow for you. Here are some fac­tors you have to con­sid­er:

1. Price

The most expen­sive bow are not nec­es­sar­i­ly bet­ter, so try quite a few. There is always the option of choos­ing between wood­en bow and car­bon bow. The wood­en are usu­al­ly the more expen­sive but not nec­es­sar­i­ly the bet­ter. Car­bon bows are becom­ing recent­ly very pop­u­lar, and the choice of many pro­fes­sion­al musi­cians

2. Warping

Check the length of the bow and make sure that it has now bold curve towards left or right. Have also a look at the mech­a­nism of stretch­ing (screw and frog) the hair  and make sure that func­tion flaw­less ( you can also unscrew the frog to make sure that every­thing is fine with the sock­et of the screw)

3. The Quality of hair

The qual­i­ty of the hair is also impor­tant espe­cial­ly in cheap­er bows. I still remem­ber my self try­ing to pro­duce sound with a bow that had not the usu­al hank of horse hair, but some­thing made out of fiber…

4. Weight

Bows come in a vari­ety of weights. Have an expe­ri­enced vio­lin­ist help you pick one out that is nei­ther too light nor too heavy for you. A bow that is too heavy can cause hand strain over time, while a bow that is too light makes it dif­fi­cult to get a big sound.

5. Flexibility of the arc

Get the bow in your hands press the bow against left hand as shown in the pho­to.  Then you can also test to make sure it main­tains a good arch and has a good spring when pressed against the vio­lin strings.

6. Balance

The bow should be thin­ner and lighter at the top and heav­ier at the frog (low­er part). Note how­ev­er that it should not be too heavy at one end or the oth­er.


Final note:

As said above the best way to judge how good the bow meets you expec­ta­tions or needs is to play with it for a while. If you have the oppor­tu­ni­ty to bor­row the bow and try it out for a cou­ple of days, DO so.


Violin Chord charts

Violin Chords Charts


Have you ever won­dered whether it is pos­si­ble to accom­pa­ny melodies in a way that a gui­tar or a piano would do?

Vio­lin is tra­di­tion­al­ly the solo instru­ment play­ing the basic melod­ic lines (replac­ing usu­al­ly the voice or accom­pa­ny­ing it with par­al­lel melod­ic lines). How­ev­er, it is pos­si­ble to take the accom­pa­ny­ing role of gui­tar in pop­u­lar music, Jazz ‑swing, Gyp­sy, and oth­er styles just by play­ing the chord sequences in which the piece bases.

This post is cre­at­ed in response to many requests for a brief cat­a­log of vio­lin chords charts arranged in pho­to dia­gram forms for max­i­mum under­stand­ing and play­ing.

The fol­low­ing dia­grams are designed for the left hand. The bow­ing tech­niques with which you can play the chords will fol­low in the com­ing posts.

Let us start with clear­ing what the num­bers in the fin­ger­ings rep­re­sent.

The fin­gers of the left hand are num­bered with fol­low­ing way.

 Finger numbers

violin, finger numbers, fingering chart
Fin­ger­ing — vio­lin.


It is also very use­ful to know all the notes in the first posi­tion. The fol­low­ing chart gives you a brief pic­ture. How­ev­er, the vio­lin has no frets. It is thus essen­tial to hear the notes and tune them cor­rect­ly using your ears.

violin fingering chart
Vio­lin Fin­ger­ing chart in first posi­tion


Based on that we can see now how we can play few of the basic Chords.

Basic Violin Chords Charts

A Major

A major
A (g string) and E with first fin­ger C with 2nd and A with 3r
A Major. A & E on the G and D string with 1st finger C sharp with 2nd and A with the 3rd
A Major. A & E on the G and D string with 1st fin­ger C sharp with 2nd and A with the 3rd













 D Major

Violin Chord chart
D Major Chord with A (on g string 1st fin­ger) F sharp 2nd and D&A with the 3rd fin­ge.
D major accord on the Violin
D Major accord on the vio­lin. A with 1st fin­ger F sharp with 2 and D& A (on A & E string respec­tive­ly) with 3rd fin­ger

G Major

Violin chord chart
G major chord. 1st fin­ger on B (A string) and 2nd on G (E string) G and D open strings
Violin chord chart
G major chord. B with 1st fin­ger and G ( on E string) with the sec­ond

F Major

F major. £rd finger on C( G string) 2nd on F ( D string )and 1st on F ( E string) A open string)
F major. £rd fin­ger on C( G string) 2nd on F ( D string )and 1st on F ( E string) A open string)
F major
A major. 3rd fin­ger on C 2nd on F and 1st on F ( E string). Open string A

A minor

A minor - Chord on the violin
A minor chord. Sim­i­lar to A major with on C ( 2nd fin­ger) nat­ur­al.
Violin chords in simple charts
A minor. A and E ( G and D string respec­tive­ly) with !st fin­ger, 2nd on C and 3rd on A.



E minor (Violin Chord Charts)

E minor
1st fin­ger on E and B ( on D string and A respec­tive­ly and 2nd fin­ger on g (e string)


violin chord charts. Violin viola lessons
Vio­lin chord charts. E minor


B minor


B minor
B minor chord (2nd fin­ger on B and F sharp and 3rd on D. We avoid to play e open string)
Violin chords charts
B minor chord. 2nd fin­ger on B and F sharp on G and D string.3rd fin­ger on d




Inspiring Films about the Violin

Inspiring films about the violin

Have you ever looked for some sources of moti­va­tion for your chil­dren to start prac­tice? Some nice music to lis­ten or, to vis­it a con­cert or even to watch inspir­ing films about vio­lin?

Vio­lin has always been inspi­ra­tion source for film mak­ers who often based their films on biogra­phies of great vio­lin­ists or musicians.Here are some sug­gest­ed films.

Inspiring violin films
The Red vio­lin

The red violin

A per­fect red-col­ored vio­lin inspires pas­sion, mak­ing its way through three cen­turies over sev­er­al own­ers and coun­tries, even­tu­al­ly end­ing up at an auc­tion where it may find a new own­er.

François Girard

Don McKel­lar, François Girard

Car­lo Cec­chi, Jean-Luc Bideau,





kinskis paganini violin Film

Paganini  (Klaus Kinski)

Ital­ian vio­lin­ist Nico­lo Pagani­ni (Klaus Kin­s­ki) lives with his wife (Deb­o­ra Kin­s­ki) and son (Niko­lai Kin­s­ki), and dri­ves women wild with his music.   Ini­tial release: May 25, 1990 (Italy

Direc­tor: Klaus Kin­s­ki

Run­ning time: 95 min­utes

Screen­play: Klaus Kin­s­ki

Music com­posed by: Sal­va­tore Accar­do, Nic­colò Pagani­ni



violin paganini film
Dev­il’s Vio­lin­ist

Devil’s Violinist

The life sto­ry of Ital­ian vio­lin­ist and com­pos­er, Nic­colò Pagani­ni, who rose to fame as a vir­tu­oso in the ear­ly 19th Cen­tu­ry.

Bernard Rose

Bernard Rose

David Gar­rett, Jared Har­ris, Joe­ly Richard­son |See full cast and crew »




violin films, J.S. Bach, ein musikalisches Opfer,  Organ teacher
Mein Name ist Bach

Mein Name ist Bach.

Bach vis­its his famous Son in Vien­na where he meets the men­tal­ly dis­turbed prince who devel­ops a pas­sion for father Bach’s genius and music.

Mein Name ist Bach is a 2003 Swiss film direct­ed by Dominique de Rivaz. It was Switzer­land’s sub­mis­sion to the 77th Acad­e­my Awards for the Acad­e­my Award for Best For­eign Lan­guage Film, but was not accept­ed as a nom­i­nee.

Ini­tial release: April 8, 2004
Direc­tor: Dominique de Rivaz
Run­ning time: 99 min­utes
Gen­res: Bio­graph­i­cal film, Dra­ma



Violin, Beethoven, Music, teacher, score
Copy­ing Beethoven

Copying Beethoven

Anna Holtz (Diane Kruger), a stu­dent at the Vien­na Music Con­ser­va­to­ry, eager­ly accepts an assign­ment to work as a copy­ist for com­pos­er Lud­wig van Beethoven (Ed Har­ris). The tem­pera­men­tal mae­stro devel­ops a grow­ing affec­tion for his new com­pan­ion, but she has plans to mar­ry her long­time beau.

Ini­tial release: Octo­ber 19, 2006 (Israel)
Direc­tor: Agniesz­ka Hol­land
Run­ning time: 105 min­utes
Ini­tial DVD release: April 3, 2007
Bud­get: 11 mil­lion USD

The oldest surviving Italian violin

Tak­en from


The vio­lin first emerged in north­ern Italy in the ear­ly 16th cen­tu­ry espe­cial­ly from the Bres­cia area. Many archive doc­u­ments tes­ti­fy that from 1485–95 Bres­cia was the cra­dle of a mag­nif­i­cent school of string play­ers and mak­ers, all called with the title of “mae­stro” of all the dif­fer­ent sort of strings instru­ments of the Renais­sance: vio­la da gam­ba (vio­ls), vio­lone, lyra, lyrone, vio­let­ta and vio­la da braz­zo. While no instru­ments from the first decades of the cen­tu­ry sur­vive, there are sev­er­al rep­re­sen­ta­tions in paint­ings; some of the ear­ly instru­ments have only three strings and were of the vio­let­ta type.
Because doc­u­ments show that the Bres­cia school start­ed half a cen­tu­ry before Cre­mona, it is debat­ed whether the first real vio­lin was built by Andrea Amati, one of the famous luthiers, or lute-builders, in the first half of the 16th cen­tu­ry by order of the Medici fam­i­ly.
The old­est sur­viv­ing vio­lin, dat­ed inside, is the “Charles IX” by Andrea Amati, made in Cre­mona in 1564, but the label is very doubt­ful. The Met­ro­pol­i­tan Muse­um of Art has an Amati vio­lin that may be even old­er, pos­si­bly dat­ing to 1558 but also this date is very doubt­ful. One of the most famous and cer­tain­ly the most pris­tine is the Mes­si­ah Stradi­var­ius (also known as the ‘Sal­abue’) made by Anto­nio Stradi­vari in 1716 and very lit­tle played, per­haps almost nev­er and in an as new state. It is now locat­ed in the Ash­molean Muse­um of Oxford

Amati violin
Amati Cre­mona 1564